Open Geospatial Consortium Inc.

Publication Date: 2023-05-17

Approval Date: 2020-03-31

Submission Date: 2020-03-01

Reference number of this document: 05-127r11

Category: Policies and Procedures

Editor: Ingo Simonis

Copyright notice

Copyright © 2023 Open Geospatial Consortium To obtain additional rights of use, visit


This document is an OGC Policies and Procedures document. The document is subject to change based on membership requirements and motions.

Document type: OGC® Policy; Document subtype: NA; Document stage: Proposal; Document language: English

1. Abstract

This document defines OGC Collaborative Solutions and Innovation Policies and Procedures (COSI PnP), formally known as OGC Innovation Program (OGC IP). It describes the various initiative types run by OGC Collaborative Solutions and Innovation and explains the organization of COSI initiative types with respect to a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) scale. The COSI PnP provide an umbrella for all initiative types and define common elements, processes, and roles; as well as the specific characteristics of each initiative type.

2. OGC Collaborative Solutions and Innovation

OGC Collaborative Solutions and Innovation (COSI) is an innovative, collaborative, and hands-on development and rapid prototyping program that leverages the potential of more than 500 OGC members to collaboratively find solutions to spatiotemporal information challenges.

OGC members bring their challenges to COSI. These challenges are extremely diverse. They can be specific technical problems, such as developing a new API or data model, or more complex challenges, such as developing a new architecture, exploring new standards, or profiling them for specific use cases. They can be use case-driven and can be used to clarify which constellation of existing and emerging standards is best suited for a particular use case and how they can be implemented in a cost-effective and sustainable manner.

COSI Intro
Figure 1. OGC Collaborative Solutions and Innovation exploits the capabilities of more than 500 OGC member organizations

At the same time, new technologies are explored at COSI, their potential determined, and brought to application maturity. The main feature of COSI is that all challenges are solved collaboratively by participating OGC members. OGC staff takes on an orchestrating and administrative role and also participates in the solution development. COSI provides a neutral research and development environment where the focus is on joint solution development. Over 500 members contribute their knowledge, tools and development capabilities to create efficient and cost-effective solutions for the benefit of the community.

Challenges brought into COSI are refined and mapped to a set of requirements, use cases, and implementation scenarios, and ultimately addressed in different types of initiatives. These types are described in detail below. For most initiatives, OGC members act as sponsors. Mediated by OGC Staff, synergy effects are used to address individual problems as holistically as possible. For this purpose, sponsor funds are pooled and then distributed to OGC members who participate in the solution development within an initiative.

Each initiative aims to incrementally increase the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for geospatial IT solutions. The work is not limited to technical aspects such as software architecture, interface design, information and data models, and related standards and specifications. It also includes community building and the development of best practices, and thus covers most of the Technology Readiness Ladder as described in Section Technology Maturation Strategy. The globally operated OGC Collaborative Solutions and Innovation starts with the discussion of initial ideas for new technologies, tests them first under laboratory and later under real-world conditions, and only concludes the work by bringing new solutions into the everyday world of decision makers and data and information users. If this work identifies proposed improvements to existing standards or requirements for new standards, they are submitted to the OGC Standards Program for further consideration. Thus, a cycle of standards development, exploration, and application is formed. Existing standards are thus tested in everyday situations, continuously improved and adapted to changing conditions.